1. Indian Star Tortoise: The Indian star tortoise is a medium-sized tortoise native to dry scrub forests in India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. They’re named after the striking star-like design on their carapace.  The Indian star tortoise is only available through breeders. It is illegal to import them from their native home. Indian star tortoises grow up to 5 to 10 inches in length, with males being smaller, and animals originating from mainland India typically staying under 8 inches. Adult star tortoises weigh 3 to 5 pounds. Star tortoises thrive with a humid hot season and a dry cold season. Unlike many other tortoise species, Indian star tortoises can live in groups of multiple males and multiple females without conflict. Another benefit offered by this beautiful tortoise is their relative inability to escape: they do not climb or dig, so all that’s needed is an 8-inch tall wall to provide a visual barrier. Indian star tortoises require a high-fiber, high-calcium diet of grasses, hay, and vegetables. The lifespan of an Indian star tortoise can be anything from thirty to eighty years, sometimes even longer.

2. Marginated Tortoise: Marginated tortoises are named for the marginated, saw-like scutes projecting from the back of their carapace. They are the largest European tortoise, reaching lengths up to 14 inches and weighing as much as 11 pounds. As adults, they’re typically black or near-black with faint yellow markings. Their native habitat is cold and dry, and they live in elevations as high as 5,200 ft. Their dark-colored shell helps them survive these harsh environments by absorbing sunlight to raise their body temperature.

3. Leopard Tortoise: Despite being the 4th largest tortoise species in the world, the leopard tortoise is a common pet. Their beautiful, spotted pattern resembles the big cat that they were named after and is the primary factor that led to their popularity in captivity. They’re native to eastern and southern Africa’s dry savannas, where they forage extensively for dry grass, succulents, and thistles.

4. Egyptian Tortoise: The Egyptian tortoise also known as the Kleinmann’s tortoise or the Leith’s tortoise is native to Egypt and Libya, where they are considered critically endangered. This species is highly sought after as a pet because of its petite size. They’re the smallest tortoise in the Northern hemisphere, growing to be no longer than 5 inches and no more than 400 grams in weight. Being desert-dwellers, Egyptian tortoises thrive in indoor enclosures that measure at least 2 feet long and 2 feet wide. The enclosure needs to be kept dry, and there needs to be a temperature gradient between 75°F and 90°F. The Kleinmann’s tortoise can live roughly seventy to a hundred years of age, reaching breeding maturity at five years or three hundred grams.

5. Hermann’s Tortoise: The Hermann’s tortoise is one of the most popular tortoise species on the reptile pet trade. They have amazing little personalities and have attractive patterns, too. These tortoises will live about fifty years. There are two localities of Hermann’s tortoises currently recognized: the eastern and western. These two kinds both have slight variations in size and color.

The western Hermann’s tortoise males will reach five inches in length and females can reach six. This species will be more oval or rounded in shape with shell colors of pale yellows and hues of golden or orange. Their shells will be sharply contrasted with black bars and stripes.

The eastern Hermann’s tortoise will get about seven inches for the males, and the females will be around eight to nine inches. The eastern Hermann’s tortoise will appear flatter and broader than the western, with colors ranging from light yellows, tans, and dusky straw. Their shells will have dark patterns of broken up blotches or bars. These tortoises lean more toward the brown and muddy looking colors.

By Team Mypetspot

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